What are essential oils

What Are Essential Oils?

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Essential oils are highly concentrated non-water-soluble phytochemicals that are distilled from different parts of plants, resins, flowers and roots. They can be distilled from leaves, roots, flowers and other parts of plants and are very potent.


My 3 top essential oils


1. Bergamot

Citrus-Fresh-Warm Undertones

Bergamot is a citrus fruit whose rind is used for extracting the Bergamot Essential Oil. The scientific name of bergamot is Citrus Aurantium var. or Citrus Bergamia.

It is a tropical plant but thrives in Europe as well. Its powerful aroma makes it a popular component in many perfumes, and it is often used as the all-important “top note”.

It is derived through cold compression, opposed to the steam distillation of many other essential oils. Bergamot is particularly good for relieving stress and anxiety, both due to its aroma and the qualities that the oil has.

It can be used in massage and rubbed into the temples to relieve headaches; some people choose to put a few drops in their tea to enjoy the relaxing effects.

Bergamot oil is also good for bringing an uplifting aura to the air, which is why it is so popular in diffusers.

Bergamot is extremely phototoxic. Do not expose skin to sunlight for 12 hours after application.

Repeated use can result in contact sensitization (rotate between different oils).


Essential Oils



2. Lavender

Fresh-Floral Undertones

Lavender (lavandula angustifolia) is the most versatile of all essential oils. Most commonly known for its relaxing effects on the body, therapeutic lavender has been highly regarded for the skin.

It may be used to cleanse cuts, bruises and skin irritations. The fragrance is calming, relaxing and balancing – physically and emotionally.


What are essential oils


3. Peppermint

Fresh-Minty-Cool Undertones

Peppermint Essential Oil is a herbaceous and minty oil popular for its refreshing and invigorating aroma. From headache aid to a cleaning agent, Peppermint oil has a range of uses.

Menthol, which is abundantly present in peppermint oil, helps to clear the respiratory tract. It is also an effective expectorant and therefore provides instantaneous, though temporary, relief for numerous respiratory problems including nasal congestion, sinusitis, asthma, bronchitis, cold and cough.

As a result, it is used in numerous cold rubs and balms. When these cold rubs are applied to the chest, they can quickly remove nasal and respiratory congestion.


essential oilsPeppermint being prepared for distillation


How to use essential oils?

Direct inhalation-simply smell them.

Diffuse the oils using an ultrasonic diffuser which disperses the oil in a micro-fine vapour into the air. The diffuser will not heat the oils, thus ensuring full benefits, as extreme heat can damage important constituents in the oil.

Carefully pour hot water into a bowl and add a few drops of oil.

Cover your head and bowl in a tent-like fashion with a towel. Breathe deeply and slowly.


About Author:

Karl Murray

Artisan Essential Oil Distiller


Website: www.kotanical.ie

KOTANICAL is the first company in Ireland to distil oil from natural native sources.

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